The Process of criminal trial in India is explained in a very simple way.Without multiplying the details as this may complicate non professional understanding of the concept.

REPORTING AN COMMI SSIONING OF AN OFFENCE:

The persons informing the police is called either informant or complainant and the persons    against whom complaint is made are called suspect or accused based on the facts of the case.

Pre-arrest Investigation:

Law enforcement investigates whether a crime has occurred and whether an arrest should be made.

Filing an FIR

The police, on receiving information, prepares a written document, known as a First Information Report (FIR). An FIR can be filed by you if you are the person against whom the crime has been committed or know about an offence that has been committed.

WHAT TO DO IF THE FIR IS NOT REGISTERED

When the police refuse to register the FIR despite a specific complaint of cognizable offense, the complainant has the remedy to file an application under Section 156(3) of CrPC before the court of the magistrate on which the magistrate can issue directions to the police to register a FIR and investigate the matter.

PROTECTION OF ACCUSED

The a cussed should be produced before Magistrate within 24 hours

BAIL HEARING:

If the offence reported is bailable , the police may admit the accused on bail subject to the terms and conditions imposed on him. If the offence reported is non-bail able then the police may either arrest the accused or may not arrest him if his custodial interrogation is not required.

COMPLETION OF INVESTIGATION

If the investigating agency sense a prima facie ca se is made at Charge sheet is filed in Court through the Public Prosecutor. If the investigating agency applies that no prima facie case is made at a final report filed in Court.

HEARING REGARDING CHARGE:

The Court upon considering the police report and the documents and after giving the prosecution and the accused an opportunity of being heard.

DISCHARGE:

If the Court feels the Charge are groundless,will  record the reason for decision.

Framing of charges

If after considering the case and other important documents the accused is not discharged the next step taken by the court is framing of the charges.

CONVICTION ON PLEA OF GUILTY

If the accused pleads guilty,the Court shall record the plea and may at discretion convict the accused,the accused pleas not guilty,the case is posted for trial.

RECORDING OF EVIDENCE OF PROSECUTION

Examination of prosecution witness by the Public Prosecutor marking of exhibit and cross examination by the defence Counsel.

STATEMENT OF ACCUSED

As provided in section 313 of Cr.P.C to enable the accused to personally explain any circumstances appearing evidence against him.

DEFENCE EVIDENCE:

If the defence wants to it examines defendant side witnesses,who are cross examined by the Public Prosecutor and exhibits  defendant evidence.

ARGUMENTS:

Public Prosecutor and defence counsel for present their arguments

JUDGEMENT AND SENTENCE BY THE COURT

Acquittal of accused or conviction Arguments of Public Prosecutor and Defence Counsel on sentence. Judgement of Court passing sentence. Application can be filed by the defence counsel for the suspension of sentence.